Welcome to our post: The 3 types of web hosting explained (Shared, VPS, Dedicated).
Once you have developed your idea into a beautiful website the next step is to host it. We will start by explaining what hosting a website means. A website is made of files of code, text and images. A web host stores all of your website’s information and performs all the operations regarding it. The information is stored on a server which works just like a computer. It keeps your entire site’s files and enables users to run operations using the information. Just like a computer.
Now that you understand web hosting we will talk about the different web hosting options. If you have been researching on this topic you have probably noticed that there are three main types. We have the 3 types of web hosting explained (Shared, VPS, Dedicated) below in detail. By the time you finish reading this article you will not only understand what your hosting provider’s Sales rep is saying but you will also ask intelligent questions as well!
This is the cheapest web hosting option. Here several websites operate from a common server. They all share common resources i.e. hardware and software. Over 1000 sites can be hosted on a single server.
Despite the low pricing it often has disadvantages that often outweigh its economy. The biggest problem here is the fact that sites are at the mercy of each other. So one bad neighbor could make you site have very high levels of downtime.
All of the websites use one server which we explained is like a computer. Its space and processing ability is shared by all the websites.
If one of the 1000 sites has greater traffic than all the others for example 20,000 hits monthly it uses up most of the server’s RAM and all the other websites share what is left. This causes the other sites to experience low speeds and increased downtime.
Shared services also have limited or no room for configuration. This means that you cannot customize your site for optimal performance.
Nevertheless shared web hosting is still useful for some situations. These include test and development sites and starter websites with low budgets. Shared web hosting allows everybody to run a website regardless of their financial strength.
2. Virtual Private Servers (VPS)
Out of the 3 types of web hosting explained (Shared, VPS, Dedicated) in this article this is arguably the best option. There are two types of VPS hosting Traditional VPS and Cloud VPS.
Here one physical server is separated into multiple virtual servers. Each with its own specifications. One physical server hosts several sites each on its own virtual server. Every physical server hosts between 10 – 20 users hence reducing the overall usage requirements.
The virtual servers solve the bad neighbor problem .Every server is allocated its own RAM and Hard drive space. So other sites’ activity levels do not affect your website. Because every site gets its own server there root access. That is unlimited administrative power which allows one to customize as much as they like.
This is the same as Cloud Hosting. Here several physical servers are used to power the Virtual Sites. This increases the capacity of the hardware and increases the scalability of the websites.
Cloud VPS also offers the greatest protection from DDoS attacks out of the 3 types of web hosting explained (Shared, VPS, Dedicated) A DDoS attack works by sending your website more requests than it can handle. This overwhelms the server causing it to crash. Cloud VPS protects your website by blocking as many requests as it can and sharing the rest across the multiple servers in the network. Hence it reduces the overall impact.
Cloud VPS just like the traditional VPS allows a lot of configuration .You can customize your site according to your needs. However, the use of Cloud VPS requires advanced computer user skills for its management.
A lot of companies today are choosing Cloud VPS over dedicated servers. This is because it offers a lot of the same functionality while being cheaper and easier to manage.
3. Dedicated Server Hosting
This is where you rent an entire physical server for your site. This is ideal for sites with heavy traffic, that is 100,000 visitors and above per month. It also meets the needs of those needing a lot of system resources and high levels of security. It costs more than the other option but offers several services that are not available in Shared or VPS hosting.
Dedicated servers allow you to choose your operating system, amount of memory as well as the type and hardware. There is also unlimited root access. Dedicated hosting requires expert skill levels and it is advisable to hire a professional system administrator.
A disadvantage of this type of hosting is that repairs take very long to fix. This is because they take longer to detect that the other options. This is because there is not team on standby to handle them as is in the case of Shared and VPS where the servers are managed by the hosting company.
With the 3 types of web hosting explained (Shared, VPS, Dedicated) and understood the next step is selecting a service provider. Consider the product features when making the decision. These should include Disc space, Band width, RAM and other resources.